The number of asylum applications in the European Union, together with Norway and Switzerland, fell by 30% in 2020 compared to the previous year. A total of 461,300 asylum applications were submitted. This is the lowest number since 2013, reports the European Asylum Agency (EASO).
The global travel restrictions imposed by the coronapandemic are the main reason why fewer migrants and refugees came to the EU.
In 2019, 671,200 people applied for asylum in the EU. The decrease in the number of requests has allowed Member States to reduce a considerable delay in processing applications by around 160 000, according to EASO.
Almost everywhere fewer applications
Most asylum seekers came from Syria, Afghanistan and Venezuela last year. Applications from virtually all other countries decreased with the exception of people from the Comoros, Belarus, Cuba and Brazil. Almost 4% of applications came from so-called unaccompanied minors, who register without parents or other adult family members. This is an increase of 1 percent compared to 2019, with a total of 32 percent of all applications being awarded.