Biden reverses Trump decision, again US military to Somalia

The US is again sending military to Somalia to help fight terrorism there. That decision reverses a decision by the previous President Trump. At the end of 2020, it withdrew about 700 soldiers from the East African country.

The new mission is being carried out by up to 500 U.S. military, says the White House. The military were already stationed in the region. America has, among other things, a large army base in neighboring Djibouti.

The military who are now going to Somalia were already working โ€œon an episodic basisโ€ in the country. Occasionally, American attacks were carried out on targets of terror group al-Shabaab, among others. The Pentagon found that strategy is not working, and has therefore called for a renewed permanent presence of US troops.

According to the Pentagon, the U.S. military will not carry out combat missions, but will train and equip Somali troops with weapons.

New President

The US decision is a boost for the new President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. It was elected by parliamentarians in a vote on Sunday. He previously served as President of Somalia from 2012 to 2017.

The central authority in Somalia is very weak. Regional clans and terror groups control large parts of the country. The extremist Islamic movement al-Shabaab regularly carries out attacks in, among others, the capital Mogadishu.

In Somalia, some 22,000 African Union troops are also stationed to guard order. By 2024, the Somali army itself must be able to guarantee security in the country and the mission will end.