A Chinese unmanned scout has successfully landed on the planet Mars, reporting Chinese state media. The successful landing of Zhurong, as the cart is called, is a triumph for Beijing, which is increasingly ambitious in space travel.
In order to make a good landing, the scout had to go through the seven minutes of terror. The fall through the atmosphere of Mars is considered treacherous and has proved a bridge too far for a number of missions. Chinese space service confirmed that the landing was a success and President Xi Jinping congratulated all involved.
China is the third country that has controlled a robber landing on Mars. Earlier, only the Soviet Union and the United States succeeded. The state television paid attention to that historic event in the program Nihao Mars (Hello Mars).
The Chinese named the six-wheeled Mars rover after a mythical fire god. The cart flew to Mars aboard the space probe Tianwen-1 (Heavenly Questions-1). It was launched in July. In February, the vessel arrived at the planet, after a difficult crossing of 470 million kilometers in about 200 days.
The cart with scientific instruments was brought to the surface with a landing pod. That aircraft used a parachute and thrusters to slow down during landing. It initially stayed at about 100 meters above the ground to find a good place.
China wants to use the Zhurong to find traces of life and map the surface and soil of Mars. The explorer can move around the planets surface at a speed of about 200 meters per hour and is powered by solar energy.
The Martian mission is not the only ambitious space project of China. The construction of a space station near the Earth began at the end of April.