Chinas birth rate at lowest level in 70 years, comes due to ageing and high cost

The number of births in China has fallen to an all-time low. The Chinese National Statistics Office recently published a yearbook for 2020, which says last year there were 8,52 births per 1000 people. That is the lowest level since the founding of the People‘s Republic of China in 1949.

The number of children born on average per woman in China was 1.3 last year. That’s too little to keep the population up to date.

The decline in China is caused by the ageing population and the high cost of living a family. The Chinese state newspaper Global Times also points to the impact of the coronavirus, but that is not explained further.

Even with the number of registered marriages, it was not a storm last year. In 2020, more than 8.1 million couples tied the knot, the lowest level in seventeen years.

On the other hand, due to a new law, the divorce rate also declined for the first time in decades. At the beginning of last year, there was a mandatory โ€œcooldownโ€ period for spouses who no longer wanted to get through with each other.

Three kids

The low birth rate causes headaches at the all-defining Communist Party in China, which has been trying to turn the tide for years.

Six years ago, one-child politics were already abolished and since last May, Chinese families have been allowed to conceive three offspring. The effect of this is not yet to be measured, but it is questionable whether there is a large scale of enthusiasm for it. Many Chinese people simply find it too expensive to raise two, let alone three children.

There is a lot to Beijing to bring the curve back up, because the pressure on the economy is increasing with a declining workforce. China is still the country with the most inhabitants in the world (more than 1.4 billion), but will be overtaken by India within a few years.