Criticism of lack of concrete promises in G20 final statement, Rutte positive

The richest countries in the world promise to stop funding coal power stations in poor countries this year. At the same time, world leaders do not mention a specific date when they stop generating this polluting form of energy themselves. And other climate change commitments have also been vaguely formulated in the final declaration of the G20 summit in Rome, which concluded today.

โ€œAs soon as possibleโ€, the declaration states that the world leaders will stop coal-fired plants. According to Reuters news agency, an earlier draft version stated that this would happen before the end of the next decade. There is no end date for phasing out the fossil energy subsidy either, only that is medium term.

โ€œDeath Sentenceโ€

The proceeds of two days of summit consultations lead to both criticism and positive reactions. UN Secretary-General Guterres is disappointed. โ€œAll countries need to realize that the old carbon-burning development model is a death sentence for their economies and the planet,โ€ he says on Twitter. Yet he still has hope that todays officially launched climate summit in Glasgow will deliver more.

โ€œDrops in a fastwarming ocean,โ€ British Prime Minister Johnson describes the G20 commitments. According to environmental organisations and activists, the promises made do not put a waste on the dike either.

Several world leaders say that there is progress. French President Macron and Italian Prime Minister Draghi speak of success. โ€œThe G20 leaders commitments are substantial,โ€ Draghi said. โ€œIts easy to imagine difficult things, but its very difficult to actually execute them,โ€ he said to journalists after the summit.

Rutte: it looks sharper in it

A positive signal for COP26, the summit in Glasgow, Germanys Chancellor Merkel called the result of Rome. Demissionary Prime Minister Rutte is also one of the optimists. โ€œFor the first time in years on the G20, we really came to conclusions: in fact, it is a reaffirmation of the Paris Summit in 2015, but even more sharper. Countries are working towards that 1.5 degree. Its sharper in it.โ€

Rutte is also positive that G20 countries say goodbye to fossil energy in the long term. โ€œWhatever it says is that we need to get rid of re-investing in coal as soon as possible. Thats a really serious improvement.โ€


Incidentally, recent studies have shown that many countries climate plans are sufficiently inadequate to achieve the targets set in Paris. The UN Environment Agency concluded this week, based on the latest plans of around 120 countries, the Earth is also going to rise at a temperature of 2.7 degrees this century. According to the agency, such a scenario has disastrous consequences.

The main focus of the G20 summit was climate change, but decisions have also been taken in other areas. For example, world leaders officially agreed to a minimum of 15 percent tax for multinationals.

Rutte: profit tax multinationals important

โ€œWe strongly support this happening internationally,โ€ Rutte said. โ€œYou also see it from President Joe Biden, who brings it out extensively as a success of the G20. That shows how important it is.โ€

The tax decree has also been criticised. According to organizations like Oxfam Novib and Tax Justice Network, the plan doesnt come close to the original ambitions. In addition, in other ways, large companies can avoid having to pay much more taxes, advocacy organisations say.