European migration policy does not work. The return of litigated migrants in particular is not going well. The European Court of Auditors concludes that in a report.
The court has a strong criticism of the return policy. It would even attract migrants to come to Europe. “Instead of discouraging illegal migration, there may be a situation where failing EU policies lead to an increase in illegal migration and smuggling,” said Leo Brincat, member of the Court of Auditors.
It is a sour message for EU countries. Migration is a difficult file that the countries dont seem to get out of. When millions of people came to Europe in 2015, the countries wanted a joint solution. There has been talk about a migration pact for years, but the countries are still not a step further. The return policy was something the countries agreed on.
Working together in Europe was the hope that countries would achieve more results. For example, a country like Morocco does not reclaim asylum seekers from the Netherlands. France and Morocco have a better diplomatic relationship, so the French could possibly convince Morocco to take back migrants from across the EU.
A majority of migrants cannot return
But the European Court of Auditors comes to the conclusion that this policy does not work after investigation. EU countries only manage to return 29percent of rejected migrants. For people coming from outside Europe, its even about 19 percent. This is because the home countries do not accept the return of migrants.
According to the Court of Auditors, the problem is that there is no unambiguous European policy. EU countries are still trying to do too much themselves. The negotiated countries see and use that, Brincat says. “It causes confusion and shows weakness that those countries are easily abusing.”
The Court of Auditors does not recommend committing too much in the European Commission. This is why countries such as Turkey and Morocco are less likely to make commitments. After all, they have a migration problem there too. “If you make looser agreements, you will cause less debate in the country of origin, where it can be politically sensitive,” Brincat says.
The Court of Auditors advises EU countries to cooperate better in future. “The best thing would be if one person speaks on behalf of all 27 EU countries,” Brincat says. “But it doesnt look like this will ever work out.”