First commitment ‘Glasgow’: end of deforestation by 2030

More than a hundred world leaders have pledged at the Glasgow Climate Summit to put an end to deforestation by 2030. They also want to protect and restore forests. That makes the first big promise of this summit a reality.

In order to combat deforestation, some EUR 16.5 billion is released from public and private funds. Part of it is used to repair damaged areas of forest, fight wildfires and provide support for indigenous populations.

In more than 100 countries, there are about 85% of the worlds forests. The signatories include Brazil, where large parts of the Amazon have been cut down in recent years. Countries such as Indonesia, Russia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Netherlands also support the agreement.

Milestone or Empty Promise?

British Prime Minister Johnson, host of the climate conference, calls the deal โ€œa milestone to protect and restore Earths forestsโ€. The aim of the summit is to look at how the world can limit global warming to โ€œwell below two degreesโ€, and preferably below 1.5 degrees, as agreed at the Paris Climate Summit six years ago.

Professor of European Forestry Gert-Jan Nabuurs does put some caveats on the agreement. โ€œThe promises are in the right direction, but they really need to execute it,โ€ he says in the CCeit Radio 1 Journal. The professor at Wageningen University says that similar promises have been made earlier, โ€œif the cameras are focused on itโ€. The implementation in practice is more difficult, he says.

Conservation of forests is not only important for biodiversity, says Nabuurs. โ€œDeforestation also releases large amounts of carbon dioxide. 10 percent of total global greenhouse gas emissions are due to deforestation.โ€

CCeit on 3 previously made this explanation video about tree cover and deforestation in the Amazon:

It is clear that the climate targets that countries have set are not enough now and that they need a shovel on top of it. Glasgow is about how that gap can be closed and who will pay it.

The first day of the climate summit, officially called COP26, was the focus of speeches from various world leaders. Thats how Prime Minister Johnson wanted less โ€œblah, blah, blahโ€ and more action. Prime Minister Rutte called the current situation serious. He too asked for serious measures.

See the calls of Prime Minister Rutte, British Queen Elizabeth and climate activist Greta Thunberg here: