Germany acknowledges that the mass slaughter carried out by German colonial forces between 1904 and 1908 in their former colony of Namibia should be officially classified as genocide. The newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine and the broadcaster ZDF report this. Germany and Namibia negotiated the issue for six years.
Over the next 30 years, Germany will allocate EUR 1.1 billion to help the country. The amount is explicitly not intended as compensation, but as a contribution to the development of the African country.
The agreement between the countries has yet to be signed by the German Foreign Minister, but according to government sources, the outcome of the negotiations is certain.
The massacre is seen as the forgotten genocide of the twentieth century. Tens of thousands of people were murdered and 80% of the Herero and Nama minority was expelled or exterminated.
Representatives of both communities were involved in the discussions. The negotiations lasted a long time because it was not initially clear whether the actions of the German military could be regarded as genocide, since international law in force at the beginning of the last century did not exist. Another point of dispute concerned the amount that Germany was willing to pay.
It was agreed that the 1.1 billion made available by Germany will mainly benefit the Herero and NAMA minority.
Namibian media report that President Steinmeier will visit Namibia this year to apologise on behalf of Germany for the actions of the German troops.
A visit by Minister Maas of Foreign Affairs to the Namibian capital Windhoek is also on the agenda. There, the agreement between the two countries will be officially signed.