Libyan dialogue: next vote for the choice of a transitional executive (UN)

Participants in the inter-Libyan political dialogue will vote Monday on a mechanism to select a temporary unified executive, the interim UN envoy in Libya announced Saturday, after four days of discussions in Geneva.

It is important to recall (…) that we are talking about a temporary unified executive authority that will be replaced by a permanently elected democratically elected government chosen by the Libyan people on 24 December, said Stephanie Williams at a press conference.

In mid-November in Tunis, the UN envoy struck an agreement from the 75 Libyan participants at the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (FDPL) for the organization of national elections on 24 December 2021, but not on the appointment of a unified executive to ensure the transition until the election and lift Libya from a serious political crisis that lasts.

Since then, an FDPL Advisory Committee, composed of 18 members representing different regions and political formations in the country, has been established to overcome the impasse on the selection mechanism of the Libyan temporary executive, said Stephanie Williams.

The Committee began discussions on Wednesday in Geneva under the auspices of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL).

I am pleased to announce and congratulate them on reaching agreement on a recommendation for a selection mechanism, said the UN envoy.

In his view, it is the best possible compromise because this proposal respects the regional dimension and encourages people to work beyond divisions and regions… to build the unity of the country.

The plenary (of the FDPL, editor‘s note) will vote on this mechanism on Monday, she said.

The vote will take place over a 24-hour period, and the results are expected to be announced on the 19th.

However, a second round could be held two days after the first if the majority of the 63% of the people who participated in the vote are not obtained.

In the second round, the threshold required to validate the agreement will be 50% plus one vote of the participants in the vote, said Williams.

Libya has been plunged into chaos since the fall of the Muammar Gaddafi regime in 2011. Two authorities compete for power, against a background of foreign implications: the Government of National Unity (GNA) in Tripoli, recognized by the United Nations, and a power embodied by Khalifa Haftar, a strong man from the East.

Following the failure of Marshal Haftar’s offensive in April 2019 to seize Tripoli, the two sides concluded a permanent ceasefire in October and returned to the path of dialogue, encouraged by the UN.