The Environment Planning Bureau believes that the new coalition is making a significant step in increasing the climate ambitions, but warns that 2030 goals may not be met. Several plans are still waiting for elaboration and substantiation, but time is running out.
In the coalition agreement presented last week, VVD, D66, CDA and ChristenUnie agreed to have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990. As a precaution, the bar is raised a little higher, at 60 percent reduction, as an additional slack.
“Our observation is that the time required for the elaboration of the coalition agreement in concrete policy and its implementation is at odds with the timely realization of the ambitions from the agreement,” writes the Planning Bureau for the Environment in a reflection on the agreement. “In addition, part of the measures proposed in the agreement is voluntary.”
In order to meet the goals beyond 2030, the advantages and disadvantages of new nuclear power plants are being investigated. The Planning Bureau calls that choice striking, because it is still unclear whether the benefit of the plants outweighs the costs.
According to the Planning Bureau, the new cabinet would do well to make a comparison with alternatives and then include factors such as costs, use of space, security of supply and storage of radioactive waste.
In the plans, the coalition is spending tens of billions in order, for example, to make it more sustainable and address problems in the housing market. The Planning Bureau warns against the risk that the money will not end up in the right place.
For example, money is used to build more houses, but due to a shortage of staff and material, this may not be possible in the short term. That money can then leak away to the construction sector, warns the Planning Bureau.
The Planning Bureau is not immediately enthusiastic about the new ministerial posts that will be in the new cabinet. “Without the necessary alignment and without adequate powers or resources and official capacity, these new ministerial posts do not guarantee more effective policies,” writes the Bureau in the reflection.