NASA has unfolded plans to send two scientific missions to Venus between 2028 and 2030, for the first time in decades. The American Space Agency wants to study more closely the atmosphere and geological history of the nearest planet.
NASA has 500 million dollars per “sister mission”. This should measure the composition of the compact Venus atmosphere and make it clear why the planet has developed so differently from the Earth. This can also provide insight into the greenhouse effect.
It is intended that high-resolution images of unique geological “tesserae”, which could appear on continents, be transmitted. It also looks at whether there have been oceans on Venus. The missions “give the entire scientific community the opportunity to explore a planet we haven‘t been to for more than 30 years,” said NASA top man Bill Nelson.
The German, French and Italian space organizations are involved. NASA’s head of science finds it “amazing” how little knowledge there is about Venus, but expects to learn a lot about everything from volcanoes to the core of Venus. “It will be as if we have rediscovered the planet.”
The last NASA trip to Venus, Magellan, arrived in 1990. Other missions have since flown along the planet with an average temperature of 460 degrees.