In Egypt, the remains of a 5000 year old beer brewery have been discovered. According to Egyptian and American researchers, the complex in Abydos may be the oldest large-scale brewery in the world.
Mostafa Waziri, the leader of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, says that the brewery is probably from the reign of King Narmer, who ruled around 3000 BC. British archaeologists wrote back in the early twentieth century about the existence of ancient Egyptian breweries, but they never found them.
That has now succeeded in Abydos. Its about 450 kilometers south of Cairo, in the desert west of the Nile.
The excavation consists of eight spaces 20 meters long and 2.5 meters wide. Around these barrels were laid out dozens of pottery basins, which were used to warm up the barrels with a mixture of cereals and water.
The beer was probably used in royal rituals, says American researcher Matthew Adams of the Institute of Fine Arts in New York. Earlier archaeologists found evidence that beer was used in sacrificial rituals in ancient Egypt.
The first evidence of making and drinking beer dates back to 13,000 BC, near the Israeli city of Haifa. The location found in Egypt would be the first place where beer was produced on a large scale.