The new Minister of Housing is likely to breathe a sigh of despair on his or her first working day. On the desk there is a map ‘housing deficit‘, which can rightly be referred to as a headache dossier.
In the file is the overview housing shortage. This year, there are about 300,000 people looking for housing and that deficit is rising. From a ten-year waiting list for an affordable rental house, hardly anyone looks up. And the average price of a house for sale is about 400,000 euros.
The parties consider that the continuing housing shortage is no longer acceptable, is clear from the election programs. A “silent disaster”, says D66, according to Forum for Democracy there is a “housing crisis” and many other parties talk about “housing shortage”. They come up with all sorts of plans.
Slide here through the plans of the parties:
At least 100,000 new homes have to be built every year. Over the next few years, one million new houses. Especially building for starters, students, low-income people (social housing) and middle income. The parties therefore have no shortage of ambitions.
The parties also largely agree on the cause of the failed “build, build, build” that the coalition insisted on for four years. Responsible D66 Minister Ollongren of the Interior talked the blisters on her tongue with all kinds of involved authorities. ‘housing agreements’ were concluded, but the housing shortage continued to rise.
Look at the numbers here;
The problem is that the empire now hardly deals with housing. It is mainly up to construction companies, housing corporations and investors to decide what they want to build. Municipalities and provinces determine where to do so. Also all kinds of complicating (participation) procedures and time-consuming treatment of building applications do not make it easier. The creation of a new neighbourhood will soon take ten years.
In recent years (foreign) investors have bought up properties on a large scale and rents have risen. The flow has not started either; for the elderly it is hardly possible to find a smaller seniors‘ home.
The Hague says we have to change the helm. First of all, a new Minister for Housing, because that is what twelve of the sitting parties want. The largest governing party VVD does not like to set up new ministries, but talks about “more control in dividing scarce land”.
And there’s the crux. The Empire wants to get back in control and no longer have to wait to see if the right permits are issued at local or provincial level.
In the coming cabinet period, the government will certainly interfere more with the designation of construction sites. Large-scale city expansions will be viewed in various places in the Netherlands, such as Almere Pampus, Valkenburg, Utrecht and Nijmegen (D66), Lelystad and Almere (ChristenUnie), Schiphol (Forum). The CDA is thinking of building a complete city, but does not yet have an exact location in mind.
Furthermore, the speculators will be dealt with harder. The plans range from “anti-speculation” (VVD) to the introduction of the Prince Bernhard tax (PvdA) where pawnshops with more than five houses have to pay more taxes. Prince Bernhard is a nephew of King Willem-Alexander and owns, it is estimated, about 600 properties in the Netherlands.
The new cabinet will continue to try to adjust the rental rates so that more expensive houses are easier to reach for, for example, middle income. The development of small-scale seniors‘ homes will also be started, because this desire can be found in all party programs.
Only with all these plans, no new shelter has yet been provided in the short term. The Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving predicted this week that due to a shortage of building land and construction workers, the housing shortage will not disappear for the time being. Green Left leader Klaver said in HetCCEit on 3 election program last time downright on a housing question from a young person.” The whole annoying answer is that in a year you won’t be able to buy a house. The housing market has been completely ruined over the past ten years. The Cabinet has started to see housing as a commodity.”
In some, hope is placed on the rapid conversion of vacant offices and on flex homes. Because of corona, more people will work at home and such conversion of unnecessary offices will go faster than the creation of a complete neighbourhood. And a bright spot offers the ready-made factory construction, on location the parts only need to be put together. “This is faster than brick by brick,” says D66. “With flexhousing and factory and timber construction, the new Minister of Housing can start right away,” says Pvda member of parliament Nijboer.
After the elections, a cabinet must first be formed and there will bethe new building plans are only being designed.